Minute of Angle (MOA) for Dummies (And Beginners) (2023)

Minute of Angle (MOA) for Dummies (And Beginners) (1)

What does MOA mean and how do I apply it?

I think we can agree that if you’ve ever done any research on shooting better, you’ve run into something called minutes of angle

…and it can be about as clear as mud.

Or is it?

Well, it turns out that you can start shooting like a trained Army marksman right now and never be confused about Minutes of Angle again…

…by doing one simple formula.

In this post, we’re going to show you what that formula is, explain Minutes of Angle from the ground up, and show you how you can confidently use minutes of angle and consistently hit your target each and every time.

Why is MOA Important?

When looking at a scope, you may read that it has 1/4 MOA adjustments.

Or, a rifle may claim to shoot “sub MOA”.

You might be wondering: “Well WTF does that mean and can’t I just put the crosshairs on a target and pull the trigger!?”

Here’s the deal:

No, you can’t- not if you want to hit the target consistently.

Now: before we dive into what minutes of angle are all about, let’s first discuss why we use them in the first place.

The main word that we want to cement in your head is “compensation.”

The minute of angle is a measurement that helps a scope…

…compensate for the drop of your bullet as it leaves the barrel and/or how the wind moves it.

That’s it- plain and simple.

The rest of what we’re talking about is getting into the nuts and bolts of how to calculate minutes of angle.

The Basics of Minutes

Minute of Angle (known as Minute of Arc in mathematical terms) is also known as MOA in reference to marksmanship.

Ironically enough, it has nothing to do with a minute of time that has elapsed.

One minute of angle is an angular measurement that is 1/60th of a degree

…and it’s called a “minute” because we’re referring to the 60 degrees in the measurement.

A compass has four directions (north/east/south/west) and 360 degrees.

There is 60 MOA in between each degree.

One minute of angle is equal to about 1 inch of spread at 100 yards (technically 1.047 at 100, but 1 inch is easier to keep in your head.)

A simple 1:100 ratio:

100 yards = 1-inch spread

200 yards = 2-inch spread

300 yards = 3-inch spread

1,000 yards = 10-inch spread


Let’s use the analogy of a flashlight to illustrate what I’m talking about.

Imagine that you’re using a flashlight that casts light in a very tight circle.

If that flashlight cast its light at 1 MOA, then at 100 yards the light would only illuminate a 1-inch circle.

As the light goes beyond 100 yards, the circle gets bigger.

At 200 yards it would illuminate a 2-inch circle, 300 yards a 3-inch circle, and finally at 1000 yards, a 10-inch circle.

Simple enough right?

Here’s a spreadsheet to show what we mean:

MOAEstimated Inches of SpreadExact Inches of Spread at 100 yards

Want to know the best part?

You don’t need to know the exact inches of spread because…

…using our formula, you’re going to achieve the same accuracy.

And you can do the calculations in your head MUCH quicker using the estimated inches.

However, some people enjoy being difficult.

If you, or someone you know, enjoy being difficult, by all means, use the exact inches of spread, but we’d recommend using the estimated inches of spread.

You might be wondering: “Okay Bobby great, but how is that useful?”

(Video) Understanding Minute of Angle (MOA) | Long-Range Rifle Shooting with Ryan Cleckner

Don’t worry!

We’ll show an example of how this works, but before we do…

…we need to think about the scope itself and how it plays its part.

Scope Basics and Minutes of Angle

Minute of Angle (MOA) for Dummies (And Beginners) (2)

Every scope has a dial on top that twists and makes clicking noises.

When you twist the dial on the scope, the dial actually moves the crosshairs (also known as a reticle for the fancy folks) either up and down, or side to side.

These twists and “clicks” are what allow you to actually compensate for MOA by adjusting the angle that the crosshairs are facing…

…so when we say ‘one click left and two clicks up,’ we’re actually referring to adjusting the dial on the scope to make those adjustments.

“Well Bobby, that’s great and all but how do these clicks on the scope come into play?”

Good question!

Now… every scope also adjusts for MOA in different increments.

Depending on the scope, the clicks are typically translated into the following amounts of MOA:

1 Click = 1/2 MOA

1 Click = 1/4 MOA

1 Click = 1/8 MOA

Now STOP STOP STOP! Don’t get ahead of yourself with trying to do any calculations.

I assure you the calculations are really simple…

…but let’s take it one step at a time so there’s zero confusion.


The next building block we want to introduce into the equation is distance.

The distance that you’re shooting from is what determines how many clicks the scope will need to be moved in order to compensate for bullet drop.

Think about it like this:

A short shot won’t require as much angle as a long shot because there’s less distance for the bullet to drop.

Here’s a simple illustration:

Imagine the throwing path of a 5-yard pass and a 50-yard pass with a football.

With the 5 yard pass, you can basically gun it to the receiver and the ball will travel in a straight line.

No compensation required!

But what about the 50-yard pass?

Are you going to be able to gun it to the receiver in a straight line?

Unless you’re a roided up Cam Newton, the answer is probably no.

For the long pass, you’re going to give the ball a higher angle in order to reach the receiver.

This is the same concept with minutes of angle.

Our Easy MOA Formulas


Here’s an example of the two concepts we just discussed, i.e. minutes of angle and using your scope.

Let’s say you have a scope that compensates for MOA in 1/4 MOA per click, and we already have our scope zeroed at 100 yards.

In simple terms, a zeroed rifle means that if you take a shot at 100 yards, your bullet will hit exactly where the crosshairs are located.

Now, let’s say we want to shoot something at 200 yards.

What do we do?

We know from our discussion above that, because of bullet drop, if we place the crosshairs directly on the target, we won’t hit the target exactly where we want.


We must compensate for this drop by using minutes of angle.

For the sake of illustration, we’re going to take a shot at the new target with no adjustments.


We put the crosshairs on the target, fire and notice that our shot is 4” below the target.

This means that we have 4 inches of adjustment to make up.

Keep this in mind for our simple conversions below.

(Video) Jim explains Minute of Angle | Shooting USA

To quickly figure out how to make up for this adjustment, here are some simple conversions you can do in your head.


The whole point of these conversions is to convert the inches of adjustment into clicks on the scope.

So, from a high-level view, the formula and conversions go as follows:

Find distance > Convert to Inches of Spread > Know Your Inches of Adjustment > Convert to Clicks

Here are the actual conversions that will hopefully illustrate what we’re talking about:

Distance → Inches of Spread

Inches of Adjustment Inches of Spread → MOA Adjustment

MOA AdjustmentScope MOA Increments → Clicks

Now, where it can get confusing, is the constant reference to inches.

One is an inch of spread and another is inches of adjustment, so…

…be sure not to conflate the two into the same measurements.

The spread is referring to the spread that we used in our flashlight analogy above.

The inches of adjustment is the distance gap that we need to make up to hit our target.

Most first shots at a new distance will have a new inches of adjustment because the bullet will tend not to hit the target on the first shot.

This is why the clicks on a scope are measured in fractions of MOA.

So back to our example:

  • A 200-yardshot,
  • With 4 Inches of adjustment and,
  • A scope that adjusts in 1/4 MOA increments.

200 Yards → 2 inches of Spread

4” Inches of Adjustment2 inches of spread → 2 MOA Adjustment

2 MOA Adjustment1/4 MOA increments → +8 Clicks

So in summary, +8 clicks on the scope will compensate for the 4 inches of adjustment at 200 yards.

Remember dividing fractions in high school?

Didn’t think so.

You were probably too busy making amateurish attempts at sexting Becky in the front row.

Math Tip:

Instead of dividing, flip the fraction and multiply.

You get the same result and it’s way easier.

So in terms of 1/4, it’d look like this in your head:

3 * 4 → 12 clicks

So, if the scope increments were in terms of 1/8 we’d multiply the 3 MOA by 8.

It would look like this:

3 * 8 → 24 Clicks

Simple math.

Let’s do one more example to illustrate.

Let’s say after hitting our 200-yard shot, we want to take a 600-yard shot.

What do we do?

Well, we don’t know how many inches of adjustment we’re going to need…

…so we take a shot to determine the inches of adjustment we need to make up.

We take a shot and we have 24 Inches of Adjustment to make up.

We now have all the ingredients we need to do our equation

  • A 600-yardshot,
  • With 24 Inches of adjustment and,
  • A scope that adjusts in 1/4 MOA increments.


Distance → Inches of Spread

Inches of Adjustment Inches of Spread → MOA Adjustment

MOA AdjustmentScope MOA Increments → Clicks

So let’s fill in the equation to determine our clicks.

(Video) Minute Of Angle (MOA) Made Easy

600 Yards → 6 Inches of Spread

24 Inches of Adjustment6 Inches of Spread → 4 MOA Adjustment

4 MOA Adjustment 1/4 MOA Increments → +16 Clicks

So, 16 Clicks on the scope will compensate for the 24 Inches of adjustment at 600 yards.

Very simple math.

Easy right?

You might be wondering: “Wait wait wait!!! Why is there a positive sign next to the clicks?”

Good question!

Think about clicks in terms of a simple number line with positive and negative numbers.

-3 -2 -1 0 +1 +2 +3


We’re zeroed at 100 yards, so that is our “0” in our number line.

In the real world, sometimes targets are closer than100 yards…

In that case, we’d have to move to the left of zero on the number line (into the negative numbers) in order to compensate.

In practice, it just means moving the dial with clicks in the negative direction as opposed to a positive direction.


If you’ve followed us so far the next calculation will be easy.

After we just took (and nailed) our last two shots, let’s say our next target is now at 25 yards.

What do we do?

We take a test shot to determine our inches of spread and then we do our simple calculation.

In this case, we take a shot and have 1 inch of adjustment.

Remember our high-level formula below to help you out:

Find distance > Convert to Inches of Spread > Know Your Inches of Adjustment > Convert to Clicks

Our ingredients:

  • A 100-yardshot,
  • With 1 Inch of adjustment and,
  • A scope that adjusts in 1/4 MOA increments.

25 yards → -0.25 inches of spread

1 inch of adjustment-0.25 inches of spread → -4 MOA Adjustment

-4 MOA Adjustment1/4 MOA Increments → -16 clicks

So in this example, we’d have to adjust the scope -16 clicks in order to compensate for the distance.

Want to know the best part?

You can do this same simple calculation for any distance and nail your target.

Simple right?

To reiterate, the scope in this example would be described as shooting 1/4 MOA or 1/4 minutes.

Now here’s some homework for you:

With these ingredients, how many clicks would you need in order to hit your target?

Distance: 500 Yards

Adjustment: 10 Inches

Scope: 1/4 MOA

Clicks = ????

Think you have the answer?

Put your answer in the comment box and we’ll let you know if you got it.


Let us now think about MOA for the rifle.

Every rifle has its own MOA (you may also hear it also just called minutes,) which essentially means you could strap that rifle in a vice, shoot five rounds through it…

…and it will hit the target in a spread of inches according to its MOA.

For a rifle that has a 2 MOA, the conversions are very simple:

(Video) MIL and MOA Explained

Yardage * MOA = Inch spread

100 yards * 2 MOA → 2-inch spread of each other

500 yards * 2 MOA → 10-inch spread of each other

1000 yards * 2 MOA → 20-inch spread of each other

The reason why this is important is because we need to know the limitations of the rifle that we are using.

Understanding the capabilities of the rifle will help you understand your maximum effective range.

Here’s the kicker:

If you had a rifle that only shot a 3 MOA, and put that rifle in the hands of a very experienced long-range shooter…

…that expert shooter could still only shoot to the 3 MOA limitations of the rifle.

Here’s an example:

Let’s think about deer lungs as a target.

Deer lungs are about 6 inches in diameter, so we would want to be able to shoot within a 6-inch spread so we don’t miss the lungs.

Do you follow me, so far?

Now, let’s say we’re using a rifle that only shoots 3 MOA. How do we know what our effective range is?

Remember our ingredients:

Inches spread (deer lungs) = 6 inches

Rifle MOA Capabilities = 3 MOA

Effective Range = ??????

Simple, we refer to our handy formula:

Effective Range * MOA = Inch spread

Or another way to look at it:

Inch spread MOA = Effective Range


6 inch spread / 3 MOA = 200 Yard Effective Range

In this case, the rifle would only be effective for deer at 200 yards (because that would be a 6-inch group.)

Now, as a contrast, let’s say you have a rifle capable of shooting a 1/2 MOA.

What would be the effective range for that same deer with a 6-inch spread?

We refer to our last formula:

Inch spread MOA = Effective Range

6 inch spread1/2 MOA = 1200 Yard Effective Range

In this case, the effective range of the rifle is 1200 yards.

Make sense?

Dope Card

I personally carry a “dope card” (the scope equivalent of a cheat sheet) on my rifle which tells me the MOA adjustments for my scope at every distance.

Want to know the best part?

I determined the adjustments by doing the exact process I outlined above for you at every distance by marking the clicks on my dope card…

…and now I don’t have to do a readjustment every time I take a shot.

Now: I shouldn’t even be talking about this yet but…

…this becomes very important when compensating for range and wind.

For example, if you had a rifle scope that had “positive tracking” (that is a whole other story in itself) and wanted to take a long-range shot…

…if you knew the range and the wind, you could add the MOA adjustments into your scope so that you could hold on target and make the shot.

Shooting with the wind is another story for another time (be patient young grasshopper,) but it starts with understanding MOA.

Final Thoughts on MOA

Although MOA is a standard unit of measurement among most shooters, some gun nerds are going to use MILS (short for Milliradian, which is 1/1000th of a radian.

This is the same concept as MOA, but it is a courser unit of measurement (at 100 yards a MIL is 3.6 inches) and less commonly used.

My advice?

Focus on learning MOA and leave MILS for the gun nerds who have to be different from everyone else.

(Video) What is MOA ? An easy to understand explanation


How do minutes work in angles? ›

Divide the distance (in yards) you are shooting by 100 and you will know how big 1 MOA is in inches. For example, imagine you are now shooting at 250 yards. 250 / 100 = 2.5. So, 1 MOA at 250 yards is 2.5″.

What is minute of angle and why is it important? ›

MOA stands for the Minute of Angle, which correlates to the minute hand of a 360-degree clock face. Each minute refers to 1/60th of a degree, similar to the minutes of an hour. When shooting, even a slight angle can cause you to miss the mark, so fine-tuning your MOA to the precise angle or “minute” is important.

What does 2 Minute angle mean? ›

MOA stands for “Minute of Angle.” This is an angular measurement. A minute of angle is 1/60th of a degree. This in turn stands for 1 inch every 100 yards.

What MOA is best for close range? ›

Red Dot MOA Size Comparison
  • MOA dots are usually found on “tactical” sights and provide a very precise aiming dot. ...
  • A 4 MOA dot is best for close ranges, while a 2 MOA dot is best for longer ranges.
26 Nov 2018

What distance do you need for 20 MOA? ›

If your goal with the 6.5 creedmoor mentioned above is target shooting out to 600 yards or 1000 yards and beyond, then a 20 MOA base is essential.

How do you calculate degrees minutes? ›

The conversion of degrees into degree-minute-seconds can be done with the help of the conversion factor of 60. This is because: 1 degree = 60 minutes (60') 1 minute = 60 seconds (60'')

How do you explain degrees minutes and seconds? ›

Degrees, minutes and seconds are denoted by the symbols °, ', ". e.g. 10° 33' 19" means an angle of 10 degrees, 33 minutes and 19 seconds . A degree is divided into 60 minutes (of arc), and each minute is divided into 60 seconds (of arc).

Is higher or lower MOA better? ›

A 6 MOA larger dot is best for shorter ranges while the smaller dot of 3 MOA is better for longer or more distant shots.

How many clicks on a scope is an inch? ›

Most rifle scopes have 1/4 MOA adjustments. This means that one click will move the bullet impact a quarter of an inch at 100 yards. However, this means that you need to make four times the number of clicks (16 clicks = 1 inch) to move the bullet impact the same distance at 25 yards.

Why is measuring an angle important in our daily life? ›

Real-life Application of Angles

Carpenters use them to measure precisely to build doors, chairs, tables, etc. Athletes use them to gauge the distances of a throw and to enhance their performance in sports. Engineers construct buildings, bridges, houses, monuments, etc., using angle measurement.

What angle is 1min? ›

When measuring angles, a minute is 1/60th of a degree (and a second is 1/60th of a minute).

What does 2 MOA mean on a scope? ›

Say, for example, someone has a 2 MOA rifle, it means that their gun can shoot a 2” group at 100 yds or a 4” group at 200 yards.

What is the angle between 1 minute? ›

In one hour, the minute hand covers 360∘ and the hour hand covers 30∘. When the minute hand covers 180∘, the hour hand covers 15∘. So at 6:30, minute hand covers 180∘ and hour hand covers 195∘. The angle included between the minute and hour hand at 6:30 is 15∘.

Is 6 MOA dot too big? ›

The good news is that there's no right or wrong answer here. The choice of a 3 MOA versus 6 MOA red dot sight is entirely up to you and your shooting preference. You may find one works better than the other based on the way you shoot, your eyesight, distance to target or many other factors.

How far is a 2 MOA red dot good for? ›

The size of the dot is measured in minutes of angle (moa), with 1 minute of angle being equal to 1 inch @ 100 yards (approx.). Example; a 2 moa module will produce a dot that will cover 2 inches of your target @ 100 yards, a 6 moa module will cover 6 inches, and so on.

Is 4 MOA good for red dot? ›

Red dots with 4 MOA or less will be ideal for target shooting if precision and accuracy are the most important to you. Red dots with 4 MOA to 5 MOA are a safe “middle” option for fast shooting and precision. Anything larger than 5 MOA is great for aiming and shooting fast, typically when hunting any fast-moving target.

Can you shoot 100 yards with a 20 MOA base? ›

Most of the time you will not be able to zero a gun with a 20 MOA rail at 100 yards. At 600 yards, a 20 MOA mount will point the scope down . 120” or point the barrel up depending on your perspective. One MOA = 1" at 100 yards or 6 inches at 600 yards.

Is a 20 MOA base necessary? ›

A 20MOA base is only needed for certain applications. When a shooter is adjusting the elevation dial on the scope for ranges longer than what the gun is zeroed for, at some point, they will run out of elevation in the scope. In many instances this is around 600 yards, give or take.

What is a 25 MOA scope mount for? ›

*25MOA (minutes of angle) means the mount has a slope built in so you can set your scopes "zero" all the way out to 300yrds when you practice with 22 long rifle Target ammo. However because of the added slope the 25MOA limits how close you can "zero" to about 50yrds with most scopes.

What is Angel math? ›

In Plane Geometry, a figure which is formed by two rays or lines that shares a common endpoint is called an angle. The word “angle” is derived from the Latin word “angulus”, which means “corner”. The two rays are called the sides of an angle, and the common endpoint is called the vertex.

How is 1 degree 60 minutes? ›

Answer: In the case of an arc, one degree has been divided into 60 minutes while each minute is broken down into 60 seconds. This usage of seconds, minutes and degrees is called DMS notation. All of us know that one day includes 24 hours while one minute consists of 60 seconds.

How long is a minute in degrees? ›

Minutes to Degrees Calculator
56 more rows

How do you do degrees minutes seconds? ›

To convert decimal degrees to minutes and seconds, the whole part of the measure in decimal degrees is the whole number of degrees; multiplying the decimal part by 60 gives the number of minutes; if this number of minutes has a decimal part, then multiplying this decimal part by 60 gives the number of seconds.

How do you read degrees minutes and seconds on a survey? ›

For example, a segment may have the notation N 15° 30′ 45″ E on one side of the line and the notation 166.25′ on the other side of the line. This indicates that the line is 166.25 feet long and is pointing 15 degrees 30 minutes and 45 seconds in a Northeast direction.

What does minutes mean in math? ›

A unit of time equal to 60 seconds. There are 60 minutes in an hour. Example: 10:35 means 35 minutes past 10 o'clock. (Note: for angles a minute equals 1/60th of a degree.)

Is 2 MOA dot too small? ›

In short: A 2-MOA dot is just fine.

Can you range targets with MOA reticle? ›

When shooting Long Range, accurate range estimation is crucial so… I made these basic Range Estimation Tools using the MOA Reticle formula (or variations thereof). These tools allow shooters to quickly calculate the Range to Target or the Target Size based on what they are seeing in their MOA reticle scope.

How far is a red dot accurate? ›

Red dot sights can be adequate on rifles or short-barreled rifles up to 300 yards but most shooters typically prefer using them within 100 yards.

How many clicks is 400 yards? ›

4 clicks

What is the best scope magnification for 100 yards? ›

As a general rule, 1x magnification per 100 yards of distance has been the prescription for some time. By that standard, one could adequately take an 800 yard shot with an 8x rifle scope. On the contrary, if you've looked through a scope at 8x, you'll soon realize that more magnification is nice to have.

How far should a scope be from your eye? ›

Eye relief is the distance from the rear lens your eye requires to see a full picture. The industry average for a fixed-power scope is about 3 1/2 inches. For most variables, you'll start out about there at the lower power, and about 2 1/2 inches when you crank up to to max magnifcation.

What is a real life example of an angle? ›

There are many daily life examples of an angle, such as cloth-hangers, arrowheads, scissors, partly opened doors, pyramids, edge of a table, edge of a ruler, etc.

How do you use angle measurements in daily experience? ›

Real-life Application of Angles

Carpenters use them to measure precisely to build doors, chairs, tables, etc. Athletes use them to gauge the distances of a throw and to enhance their performance in sports. Engineers construct buildings, bridges, houses, monuments, etc., using angle measurement.

What are the two ways of measuring angles? ›

There are three units of measure for angles: revolutions, degrees, and radians. In trigonometry, radians are used most often, but it is important to be able to convert between any of the three units.

How long is a minute? ›

The minute is a unit of time usually equal to 160 (the first sexagesimal fraction) of an hour, or 60 seconds.

How many degree does the minute hand of a clock turn in 1 minute? ›

The minute hand moves 360 degrees in 60 minute(or 6 degrees in one minute) and hour hand moves 360 degrees in 12 hours(or 0.5 degrees in 1 minute).

How many degrees will a minute hand move? ›

A minute hand of a clock makes a complete revolution in one hour. That is, it turns 360∘ in one hour.

Whats better 3 or 6 MOA? ›

Both types of red dots are perfectly functional and will work in a variety of situations, but a 3 MOA red dot is generally better for higher precision and longer distances, while a 6 MOA red dot gives you faster target acquisition and is easier to see.

What is the difference between 1 MOA and 3 MOA? ›

An MOA number listed on a red dot sight refers to how large the dot will appear on a target that is 100 yards away. Since we know that 1 MOA is 1 inch at 100 yards, a red dot listed as 3 MOA will appear 3 inches in diameter at 100 yards, 6 inches at 200 yards, and 9 inches at 300 yards.

What angle is 1 30 o clock? ›

Hence, at 1:30, the angle between the hour and the minute hand is 135 degree.

At what time clock will make an angle of 30 between 8 and 9am? ›

Hence, 8:11 is the correct answer.

What is an angle of 1 second? ›

When measuring angles, a second is 1/60th of a minute, and a minute is 1/60th of a degree. The symbol for second is two tick marks: " The symbol for minute is one tick mark: '

How close should you hit it from 100 yards? ›

Just a quarter (25 percent) of approach shots from 100 yards settle inside 9 feet. The average shot ends up 18 feet, 5 inches from the hole. And again, this is for Tour pros! So remember, the next time you've got a wedge in your hand, to manage your expectations.

Is a 3 or 6 MOA pistol better? ›

In the question of 3 MOA vs 6 MOA, the 6 MOA red dot sight is better for pistols— whether it's plinking, target shooting, or home defense. Given the gun's design, you most likely won't be shooting past 100 yards. A larger dot reticle will start to lose precision at farther distances.

What magnification scope do I need for 100 yards? ›

As a general rule, 1x magnification per 100 yards of distance has been the prescription for some time. By that standard, one could adequately take an 800 yard shot with an 8x rifle scope. On the contrary, if you've looked through a scope at 8x, you'll soon realize that more magnification is nice to have.

How far should a 70 year old hit a golf ball? ›

Golfers of all ages typically hit their 9 iron 126 yards. Golfers in their 20s typically will hit their 9 iron 139 yards while golfers over the age of 60 will be much closer to 110 yards.

How far should your 7 iron go? ›

A PGA Tour player hits a 7-iron between 172-215 yards. Meanwhile, a short-hitting amateur male golfer averages 120 yards with the same club. According to the USGA, golf's governing body in the United States, the average male amateur golfer hits driver 217 yards, as recently as 2019.

How far does a 10 handicapper hit a driver? ›

The average driving distance for a golfer with a handicap between 5 and 10 is 231 yards. That's getting even closer to the average distance for all golfers and might make you feel a little bit better.

How many MOA should a pistol have? ›

The most popular MOA size for a pistol-mounted red dot sight is a 6 MOA reticle. The reason you might want to use a 6 MOA on a pistol is because it's easy to find the red dot when you draw and look through the glass, which allows for quicker target acquisition.

Do smaller guns have more kickback? ›

If a gun has more mass, meaning heavier, then that amount of momentum is going to result in less acceleration or movement in the gun: meaning, less recoil or “kick.” In short, a larger handgun will generally have less felt recoil.

How far is a 3x9x40 scope Good For? ›

What range is a 3-9×40 scope good for? For this model, a range of 50 yards to 300 yards is ideal. There may be more advanced scopes for long-range shooting.

What magnification do snipers use? ›

It's known that snipers like, have used, and continue to use 10x fixed scopes. These days, more and more variable zoom optics are coming into the market with even better glass, tracking, and durability than they've ever had before.

What scope do I need for 300 yards? ›

The answer is really simple: a 3-9X riflescope provides an additional level of magnification for every 100 feet, all the way out to 300 yards (900 feet). For many years, 300 yards was about the limit of what most big-game hunters considered to be an ethical shooting distance.

What distance should I zero my red dot? ›

15 or 25 Yard Zero

For handgun users with red dot sights the 15 yard and 25 yard zeroes are most popular because the chances of people engaging targets at distances much further than this doesn't happen very often, if ever.

Can you use a red dot at 100 yards? ›

However, of the main three types of red dot sights, they tend to be the best for fast target acquisition and affordability. How far should you sight with a reflex sight? You can take down targets within 100 yards without much issue.


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